• Airports
  • GHG Reporting
  • Carbon Offsets
  • California ARB

Airport Carbon Accreditation Program

airportsThe ACA program is a collective voluntary engagement to reducing carbon emissions and provides the only industry global reference standard for airport carbon mapping and energy management.  Since its inception in 2009, approximately 130 airports have been certified under the ACA program.  Aiming for continual performance improvement, airports seek to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, improve stakeholder engagement and future airport sustainability plans through four different levels of certification:

 

Level 1 (Mapping): Carbon Footprint

  • Scope 1 & 2 Carbon Footprint
  • Externally verified footprint
  • Publically available policy including commitment to energy/carbon reduction

 Level 2 (Reduction): Managing & reducing footprint

  • Develop and submit verified Carbon Management Plan covering Scope 1 & 2 emissions
  • Set target for reduction
  • Demonstrate improvement against chosen emissions matrix

Level 3 (Optimisation): Engaging 3rd parties & measuring their emissions

  • Include required Scope 3 emissions in verified footprint
  • Provide evidence of Stakeholder Plan Engagement

Level 3+ (Neutrality): Offsetting own Scope 1 & 2 emissions

  • Provide evidence that Scope 1 & 2 emissions have been offset

 

Each certification level includes all aspects of preceding levels.  RCE is well-versed in the ACA program, having verified multiple airports under the Airport Carbon Accreditation program.  As verification is required on entry, upgrade, or same-level renewal every second year, RCE can help provide assurance that your airport is managing, reducing, and ultimately neutralizing its Scope 1 & 2 carbon dioxide emissions.  See more information about the Airport Carbon Accreditation program here.

GHG Reporting

GHGEmissionsBritish Columbia Reporting

The Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulation, under the Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting and Control Act (GGIRCA), effective January 1, 2016, replaces  the Reporting Regulation and requires that British Columbia facilities emitting 10,000 tonnes or more of CO2e per year report their emissions.  If a facility emits 25,000 tonnes or greater of CO2e per year, emission reports must be verified by an independent third-party. See more information about B.C. Reporting here.

The Climate Registry (TCR)

TCR is a nonprofit organization that establishes consistent and transparent greenhouse gas reporting standards throughout North America so that businesses and governments can voluntarily report an accurate carbon footprint.  Established in 2007, TCR is modeled off of the California Climate Action Reserve (CCAR) Program and includes legally constituted bodies recognized under United States, Canadian, and Mexican law. See more information about TCR here.

Ontario Reporting

Ontario’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting regulation requires Ontario facilities with activities emitting 10,000 tonnes or more of CO2e in a year to submit a GHG emissions report. Verification of a GHG emissions report by a third-party verifier is required if emissions are 25,000 tonnes of CO2e or greater.

Ontario has a new regulation under the Climate Change Mitigation and Low-Carbon Economy Act of 2016, its Quantification, Reporting, and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation, which applies to emitting activities taking place after January 1, 2017. The new regulation will support Ontario’s cap and trade program.  See more information about Ontario reporting here.

Carbon Offsets

  • American Carbon Registry (ACR)

    The American Carbon Registry (ACR) is a non-profit enterprise of Winrock International, operating as a registry for both the voluntary and mandatory carbon offset markets. In the voluntary carbon market, ACR oversees the registration and verification of international and domestic projects which meet registry-specific standards, following approved carbon accounting methodologies. ACR also works with the California Air Resources Board (ARB) to review carbon offset projects developed under ARB’s compliance offset protocols. See more information about ACR here.

  • Alberta-based Offset Credit System

    Per the 2007 Specified Gas Emitters Regulation, large emitters releasing more than 100,000 tonnes of greenhouse gases must reduce their emissions intensity by 12%.  The four ways to comply are to make improvements in operations, purchase Alberta-based offset credits, contribute to the Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund by paying $15/tonne for emissions over the target, and purchase or use Emission Performance Credits (EPU).  EPUs can be banked for future use or traded between facilities owned by the same company and are earned when a facility cuts emissions below the reduction target.  See more information about the Alberta-based Offset Credit System here.

  • California Air Resources Board (ARB)

    The ARB approved the California Cap on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Market-Based Compliance Mechanisms Regulation (Regulation) in October 2011, which established a statewide GHG emissions cap on covered entities and provided a mechanism for trading instruments used to comply with the cap. The Regulation allows the use of offset credits for up to 8 percent of an entities’ compliance obligation. The ARB requires verification for all offset projects by an ARB-accredited verification body. Currently, the following offset project protocols have been approved by the ARB:

    • U.S. Forest Projects
    • Urban Forest Projects
    • Livestock Projects
    • Ozone Depleting Substances Projects
    • Mine Methane Capture Projects

    See more information about the ARB program here.

  • Climate Action Reserve (Reserve)

    The Reserve is a high-quality voluntary GHG offset program that develops carbon offset project methodologies (protocols), issues GHG offsets against these methodologies, and provides a platform for managing account holder projects and offsets.  The Reserve has also been designated an official offset project registry under California ARB’s cap-and-trade program.  The Reserve requires third-party verification of GHG credits developed under their standards prior to issuance.  RCE has conducted verifications for over 150 CAR reporting periods in nearly all project types and has highly trained technical Lead Verifiers approved to perform verifications to the following protocols:

    • Ozone Depleting Substances
    • Nitric Acid Production
    • Landfill Methane (U.S. and Mexico)
    • Livestock Methane
    • Forest Projects
    • Coal Mine Methane
    • Organic Waste Projects

    See more information about CAR here.

  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)

    RGGI is the first market-based regulatory program in the United States designed to cap and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  It is a cooperative effort among nine states: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont.  RCE is currently the only accredited third-party verifier for RGGI.  Currently, we are able to verify Landfill Gas projects, SF6 Projects, and Agricultural Manure Management Projects.  See more information about RGGI here.

  • Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)

    Since its inception in 2005, the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) has become the world’s most widely used voluntary greenhouse gas reduction program, with more than 1000 registered projects and 130 million tons of emission removals.  Under VCS, projects are issued Verified Carbon Units (VCUs), representing a reduction or removal of one ton of carbon dioxide equivalent within one of fifteen VCS sectoral scopes, ranging from energy to Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU).  See more information about VCS here.

California Air Resources Board (ARB)

Compliance Offset Verification

The ARB approved the California Cap on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Market-Based Compliance Mechanisms Regulation (Regulation) in October 2011, which established a statewide GHG emissions cap on covered entities and provided a mechanism for trading instruments used to comply with the cap. The Regulation allows the use of carbon offset credits for up to 8 percent of an entities’ compliance obligation. The ARB requires verification for all offset projects by an ARB-accredited verification body. Currently, the following offset project protocols have been approved by the ARB:

  • U.S. Forest Projects
  • Urban Forest Projects
  • Livestock Projects
  • Ozone Depleting Substances Projects
  • Mine Methane Capture Projects

RCE is an ARB-accredited verification body (since 2012) and is the only company that can complete verifications for every project protocol.

See more information about the ARB compliance offsets program here.

 

Mandatory Reporting Verification

The current ARB Mandatory Reporting Regulation became effective on January 1, 2015. Applicable to industrial facilities, fuel suppliers, and electricity importers, the Mandatory Reporting Regulation requires verification for all projects by an ARB-accredited verification body.   Regardless of emission levels, facilities located in California with source categories listed below (as well as various other facilities, suppliers, and importers) are subject to this article:

  • Electricity generation units reporting CO2 mass emissions through 40 CFR Part 75
  • Cement production
  • Lime manufacturing
  • Nitric acid production
  • Petroleum refineries
  • Geologic sequestration of CO2
  • Injection of CO2

RCE was approved as a verification body in May 2015 and has completed numerous verifications since that time.

See more information about the ARB mandatory GHG reporting program here.